A Contact Sheet for your Website

Mar 3, 2012 / By Yanick Champoux

Tags: ,

I’m in the throes of a major redesign of the site of my comic book, Académie des Chasseurs de Primes. Like any of those redesign, it involves a lot of CSS whack-a-mole. Fine-tuning one page throws a second one slightly off another, and fixing that second one causes unforseen effects on a third one. And so on, and so bloody forth.

Generally, to discover those oopsies, I have to navigate the whole site. Bah, humbug. Wouldn’t it be much efficient to have a single document showing all of the site’s page? Something like a contact sheet for the website, if you will. Well, let’s see how hard that would be.

Step 1. Generate a sitemap

If we want to look at all our pages, we must have a listing of them. One of the sane ways of doing that is to have a sitemap for the website. Fortunately, as the ACP website uses Dancer, all I have to do is to add Dancer::Plugin::SiteMap to the application and, hop, self-generated sitemap. As a pleasant side-effect, I also have a sitemap to feed Google. Sweet.

Step 2. Read the links of the sitemap

Using WWW::Mechanize, it’s a breeze.

my $mech = Test::WWW::Mechanize->new;

$mech->get_ok( "$root_url/sitemap" );

my @links = $mech->links;

In the code snippet, I actually went a step further and used Test::WWW::Mechanize. As I’m going to crawl the site, why not formulate the script as a test suite to that we can get our contact sheet and a health report on the whole thing? There’s no point in simply being awesome if we can be mega-awesome, right?

Step 3. Grab the screenshots

For this part, we’ll use Selenium via WWW::Selenium.

my $sel = Test::WWW::Selenium->new(
    host => "localhost",
    port => 4444,
    browser => "*firefox",
    browser_url => $root_url,
);

$sel->start;

for my $url ( map { $_->url } @links ) {
    $sel->open_ok( $url ) or next;

    ( my $screenshot_file = $url . ".png" ) =~ s#/#_#g;

    # Selenium wants an absolute path
    $sel->capture_entire_page_screenshot( file( $screenshot_file )->absolute );
}

$sel->stop;

Yes, in those few lines, we visited all of our website’s pages and generated a screenshot of every single one of them. Automation. I love it.

Step 4. Generate the thumbnails

For this I went with the good old GD module. We take the pictures, scale them down to a width of 300 pixels and save the result in a second file.

my $screenshot = GD::Image->newFromPng( $screenshot_file );
my ( $width, $height ) = $screenshot->getBounds;
my $scale = 300 / $width;

my $thumbnail = GD::Image->new( 300, $scale * $height );
$thumbnail->copyResampled($screenshot, ( 0 ) x 4,
    300, $scale * $height,
    $width, $height,
);

( my $thumbfile  = $screenshot_file ) =~ s/(?=\.png)/_thumbnail/;
print { file( $thumbfile )->openw } $thumbnail->png;

Step 5. Put the contact sheet together

Since I’m working on my Template::Caribou, I’m using it to generate the contact sheet. As Caribou is a work in progress, the following will not work out-of-the-box for you, but just for giggles, here’s what the template looks like:

package ContactSheet;

use 5.10.0;

use Moose;
use Method::Signatures;

use Template::Caribou::Utils;
use Template::Caribou::Tags::HTML;

with 'Template::Caribou';

has root_url => (
    is => 'ro',
);

has shots => (
    traits => [ 'Array' ],
    is => 'ro',
    default => sub { [] },
    handles => {
        all_shots => 'elements',
        add_shot => 'push',
    },
);

template 'main' => sub {
    my ($self) = @_;

    html {
        head {
            style {
                say ::RAW q[
body {
    background: lightgrey;
}

div {
    width: 300px;
    margin: 10px;
    display: inline-block;
    vertical-align: top;
    text-align: center;
}

];
            }
        };
        body {
            show( 'shoot', @$_ ) for $self->all_shots;
        }
    };

};

template 'shoot' => method ( $url, $screen, $thumb ) {
    div {
        div {
            anchor $self->root_url . "/$url" => sub {
                $url;
            }

        };
        anchor $screen => sub {
            image $thumb, sub { };
        };
    }
};

Step 6. Putting it together

And we are done. We assemble the different parts together in the script ‘website_contactsheet.pl‘:

#!/usr/bin/env perl

use 5.10.0;

use strict;
use warnings;

use Test::More;
use Test::WWW::Mechanize;
use Test::WWW::Selenium;
use Path::Class qw/ file /;
use GD::Image;

use lib '.';
use ContactSheet;

my $root_url = shift or die;

my $mech = Test::WWW::Mechanize->new;

$mech->get_ok( "$root_url/sitemap" );

my @links = $mech->links;

my $sel = Test::WWW::Selenium->new(
    host => "localhost",
    port => 4444,
    browser => "*firefox",
    browser_url => $root_url,
);

$sel->start;

my $template = ContactSheet->new( root_url => $root_url );

for my $url ( map { $_->url } @links ) {
    # selenium doesn't like the .xml for some reason
    next if $url eq '/sitemap.xml';

    $sel->open_ok( $url ) or next;

    ( my $screenshot_file = $url . ".png" ) =~ s#/#_#g;

    # Selenium wants an absolute path
    $sel->capture_entire_page_screenshot( file( $screenshot_file )->absolute );

    my $screenshot = GD::Image->newFromPng( $screenshot_file );
    my ( $width, $height ) = $screenshot->getBounds;
    my $scale = 300 / $width;

    my $thumbnail = GD::Image->new( 300, $scale * $height );
    $thumbnail->copyResampled($screenshot, ( 0 ) x 4,
        300, $scale * $height,
        $width, $height,
    );

    ( my $thumbfile  = $screenshot_file ) =~ s/(?=\.png)/_thumbnail/;
    print { file( $thumbfile )->openw } $thumbnail->png;

    $template->add_shot( [ $url, $screenshot_file, $thumbfile ] );
}

$sel->stop;

diag "creating index file";

print { file('index.html')->openw }
    $template->render('main');

done_testing;

Run it:

$ ./website_contactsheet.pl http://enkidu:3000
ok 1 - GET http://enkidu:3000/sitemap
ok 2 - open, /
ok 3 - open, /albums
ok 4 - open, /feeds/acp.atom
ok 5 - open, /magasin
ok 6 - open, /magasin/panier
ok 7 - open, /magasin/paypal/confirmation
ok 8 - open, /magasin/paypal/retour
ok 9 - open, /primes
ok 10 - open, /primes/chienbine
ok 11 - open, /primes/figurines
ok 12 - open, /primes/icones
ok 13 - open, /rentree
ok 14 - open, /sitemap
# creating index file
1..14

Et voilà.

We now have a contact sheet where I can see at a glance… that I still have a lot of work to do. *sigh*

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