Put Opsview Hosts Into Downtime via the Shell

Dec 10, 2012 / By Moss Gross

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Recently a client of ours who used opsview to manage their resources needed to place some of their hosts into downtime in conjunction with some other cron-scheduled tasks. In order to implement that functionality, I created this simple script that should work with most installations of opsview, or with a few modifications, can be modified to be used with other, similar REST interfaces. To use, modify the 5 variables at the top of the script as necessary. The url and username are what come with the default installation of opsview. Modify CURL if it’s in a different place on your system. Then, to use, for example: opsview_rest_api_downtime.sh -p Pa5sw0rd -h host_name_in_opsview -c create -t 2 Where host_name is the hostname as defined in opsview, not necessarily the same as its actual hostname.

#!/bin/bash
#
# create or delete downtime for a single host using opsview curl rest api
 
CURL=/usr/bin/curl
OPSVIEW_HOSTNAME="opsview.example.com"
USERNAME=apiuser
URL="/rest/downtime"
hours_of_downtime=2
 
usage()
{
    echo "Usage: $0 -p <opsview apiuser password> -h <host> -c (create|delete) [-t <hours_of_downtime>]"
    exit 1
}
 
while getopts p:h:t:c: opt
do
    case $opt in
      p) password=$OPTARG;;
      h) host=$OPTARG;;
      t) hours_of_downtime=$OPTARG;;
      c) command=$OPTARG;;
      \?) usage;;
    esac
done
 
 
if [ "x$password" = "x" ] || [ "x$host" = "x" ] || [ "x$command" = "x" ]
then
    usage
fi
 
# LOGIN
 
token_response=`$CURL -s -H 'Content-Type: application/json' https://$OPSVIEW_HOSTNAME/rest/login -d "{\"username\":\"$USERNAME\",\"password\":\"$password\"}"`
token=`echo $token_response | cut -d: -f 2 | tr -d '"{}'`
if [ ${#token} -ne 40 ]
then
    echo "$0: Invalid apiuser login. Unable to $command downtime."
    exit 1
fi
 
 
if [ "$command" = "create" ]
then
    # create downtime - POST
    starttime=`date +"%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S"`
    endtime=`date +"%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S" -d "$hours_of_downtime hours"`
    comment="$0 api call"
    data="{\"starttime\":\"$starttime\",\"endtime\":\"$endtime\",\"comment\":\"$comment\"}"
    result=`$CURL -s -H "Content-Type: application/json" -H "X-Opsview-Username: $USERNAME" -H "X-Opsview-Token: $token" https://$OPSVIEW_HOSTNAME$URL?host=$host -d "$data"`
    exit_status=$?
else
    # delete downtime - DELETE
    params="host=$host"
    result=`$CURL -s -H "Content-Type: application/json" -H "X-Opsview-Username: $USERNAME" -H "X-Opsview-Token: $token" -X DELETE https://$OPSVIEW_HOSTNAME$URL?$params`
    exit_status=$?
fi
echo "$result" | grep $host > /dev/null
host_in_output=$?
if [ "$exit_status" -ne "0" ] || [ "$host_in_output" -ne "0" ]
then
  echo "Unable to $command downtime for $host.  Result of call:"
  echo $result
  exit 1
fi

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