Tools That Make Your Work with Oracle VM Easier
May 17, 2012 / By Yury Velikanov
After completing your Oracle VM and Oracle VM Manager installation (see my previous blog posts here), you are ready to start your friendship with Oracle VM technology. However, to make your life and experience even more enjoyable, I suggest you follow a few simple steps listed below.
Configure Public Oracle YUM and install additional tools:
cd /etc/yum.repos.d wget http://public-yum.oracle.com/public-yum-el5.repo yum install man yum install vnc-server yum install firefox yum install telnet
Added on 2012.05.20
yum install strace yum install time
After some time playing with Oracle VM, you will realize that you’ll like to manage it via command prompt and scripts. Hopefully, Oracle will come with a command line interface (cli) soon. Meanwhile, you may want to install a set of tools from Wim Coekaerts @wimcoekaerts (Oracle VM team) that would do exactly that.
MOS Patch 13602094 cd /u01/app/oracle/ovm-manager-3/ unzip /tmp/ovm_utils_0.5.2.zip MANPATH=/u01/app/oracle/ovm-manager-3/ovm_utils/man:$MANPATH; export MANPATH
As with the patch README’s, it isn’t too obvious what these tools could do for you. I’ll provide some parts of MAN pages bellow. Helpfully after reading these, you will no longer be doubtful of whether you should install those tools or not :) For official utilities documentation from Oracle, please see Chapter 2. Using the Oracle VM Utilities from Oracle® VM Utilities Guide for Release 3.
Enjoy your Oracle VM experience,
NOTES The Oracle VM utilities are provided as-is and are not formally supported. NAME ovm_managercontrol - basic Oracle VM Manager control utility SYNOPSIS ovm_managercontrol [OPTIONS] DESCRIPTION ovm_managercontrol operates on the Oracle VM Manager level. The utility allows the admin to execute basic Manager level commands. Set up the YUM repository, create CPU Compatibility Groups and configure an SSL keystore. ... -c COMMAND Oracle VM Manager control command (required) [yuminfo, setupyum, addkeystore, keystoreinfo, createcpugroup, removecpugroup, addservertocpugroup, removeserverfromcpugroup, listcpugroups, getsessiontimeout, setsessiontimeout] yuminfo : display yum configuration setupyum : configure yum addkeystore : configure the SSL keystore keystoreinfo : display keystore file and path createcpugroup : create a CPU Compatibility group removecpugroup : delete CPU Compatibility group addservertocpugroup : add server to CPU Compatibility group removeserverfromcpugroup : remove server from CPU Compatibility group listcpugroups : list all CPU Compatibility groups and its servers setsessiontimeout : set VM Console session timeout getsessiontimeout : display VM Console session timeout ... NAME ovm_poolcontrol - basic Oracle VM Pool control utility SYNOPSIS ovm_poolcontrol [OPTIONS] DESCRIPTION ovm_poolcontrol operates on the Oracle VM Server Pool level. The utility allows the admin to execute basic pool management commands, query status and info on a given Oracle VM server pool. ... -c COMMAND Oracle VM pool control command (required) [list, events, status, info, refresh, addserver, removeserver] status : display the current status of the server pool info : display server pool info such as memory, utilization, servers,... list : list all server pools registered with this Oracle VM Manager instance events : list all latest event types for this server pool addserver: add server to this server pool (-S server name) removeserver: remove server to this server pool (-S server name) refresh : refresh storage in the server pool ... NAME ovm_repocontrol - basic Oracle VM Repository control utility SYNOPSIS ovm_repocontrol [OPTIONS] DESCRIPTION ovm_repocontrol allows you query the status of an Oracle VM repository. ... -c COMMAND repository control command (required) [list, status, info, refresh, fixup, create] list : list all repositories status : query repository status info : display repository information refresh : send a repository refresh command fixup : fix a failed repository create create : create repository on a storage device br ... NAME ovm_servercontrol - basic Oracle VM Server control utility SYNOPSIS ovm_servercontrol [OPTIONS] DESCRIPTION ovm_servercontrol operates on a physical Oracle VM server. The utility allows the admin to execute basic server management commands, query status and info on a given Oracle VM server. ... -c COMMAND Oracle VM server control command (required) [start, stop, restart, kill, mainton, maintoff, status, info, lock, upgrade, list, events, discover, listnfsexports, deletenf- sexport, createnfsexport] start : use IPMI to power-on the server stop : shutdown the server kill : use IPMI to power-off the server mainton : turn on maintenance mode for this server maintoff : turn off maintenance mode for this server status : display the current status of the server (Running, Stopped,...) info : display server info such as memory, utilization, serverpool,... lock : temporarily lock the server disallowing any updates to happen upgrade : send an upgrade command to the server list : list all servers registered with this Oracle VM Manager instance events : list all latest event types for this server discover : discover server with provided hostname or IP address and Oracle VM agent password (-P) listnfsexports : list NFS exports on this server deletenfsexport : delete an NFS export on this server createnfsexport : create a new NFS export on this server ... NAME ovm_vmcontrol - basic Oracle VM Virtual Machine(VM) control utility SYNOPSIS ovm_vmcontrol [OPTIONS] DESCRIPTION ovm_vmcontrol allows you to send basic VM control commands to the Oracle VM Management server. It allows you to start, stop, sus- pend, resume, kill, restart and list the VM(s). It is also possible to simply query the status of the Virtual Machine (Running, Stopped) , get VM info, such as memory, serverpool, number of vCPUs etc. ... -c COMMAND Virtual Machine control command (required) [start, stop, suspend, kill, resume, restart, status, info, lock, list, migrate, events, vcpuset, vcpuget, gettags, settags, fixcfg, delete] start : start the Virtual Machine stop : Power-off the Virtual Machine suspend : Suspend a running Virtual Machine kill : Kill the Virtual Machine resume : Resume a suspended Virtual Machine restart : Restart a running Virtual Machine (Power-off, start) status : display the current status of the Virtual Machine (Running, Stopped, Suspended) info : display Virtual Machine info such as memory, utilization, serverpool,... lock : temporarily lock the server disallowing any updates to happen events : list all latest events for this Virtual Machine requiring acknowledgement list : list all Virtual Machines registered with this Oracle VM Manager instance vcpuset : bind virtual cpuâs to physical threads for this Virtual Machine vcpuget : list bindings of virtual cpus to physical threads for this Virtual Machine settags : store a set of comma separate custom tags for a Virtual Machine gettags : retrieve list of tags for this Virtual Machine fixcfg : fix Virtual Machine Configuration file delete : delete Virtual Machine ... NAME ovm_vmdisks - basic Oracle VM Virtual Machine(VM) disk query utility SYNOPSIS ovm_vmdisks [OPTIONS] DESCRIPTION ovm_vmdisks is a utility designed to help the admin make backups of Virtual Machines. In particular when the Virtual Disks are files in a repository on a remote NFS server. The utility takes a Virtual Machine name or UUID and lists out every Virtual Disk file for that VM, including the Virtual Machine configuration file. This allows an admin to take the files listed in the output of the utility and back them up to a server or tape. If the Virtual Disks are actual physical devices directly attached to the VM, the utility lists the device mapper device of server to which the VM is assigned. In the case of files on an NFS server, the utility lists the NFS servername, mountpoint and file name/loca- tion. NAME ovm_vmmessage - Oracle VM Virtual Machine Message Send/Receive utility SYNOPSIS ovm_vmmessage [OPTIONS] DESCRIPTION ovm_vmmessage is a utility that allows the user to send a message to a running Virtual Machine, or to query the value of a message sent from within a Virtual Machine to the Oracle VM Management server using the Oracle VM API messaging interface. These values are basic key/value pairs such as foo=bar. New Oracle VM templates released by Oracle contain a configuration utility called ovmd which is used to do firstboot installation configuration. Either locally from the Virtual Machine console or remotely through this messaging interface. Ovmd also allows the owner of the Virtual Machine to send messages back to the management server. ...
The following is an example of how you should run the utilities:
[root@team5lab ovm_utils]# ovm_managercontrol -u admin -p < password > -h localhost -c yuminfo Oracle VM Manager Control utility 0.5.2. Manager version : 22.214.171.1245 Connected. Command : yuminfo YUM Repository information : Base URL : 'Undefined' Enable GPG Key : 'false' GPG Key : 'undefined' Exit... [root@team5lab ovm_utils]#
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